Modular Performance Analysis of Cyclic Dataflow Graphs
Nikolay Stoimenov (ETH Zürich)
Applications for parallel and distributed embedded systems are often specified as dataflow graphs with dependency cycles. Examples of corresponding models of computation are marked graphs or synchronous dataflow (SDF) graphs. Performance analysis is often used in the exploration of different implementation alternatives or in order to provide guarantees on the timing behavior. This paper describes a new approach to the modular performance analysis of cyclic dataflow graphs such as SDF graphs as existing component-based analysis methods are not able to faithfully deal with cycles in the event flow. The new method results in tight bounds on essential quantities like buffer sizes, end-to-end delays and throughput. Because of the generality of the approach, one can analyze not only systems that can be modeled as marked graphs but also implementations that contain buffers with finite sizes, that produce system-wide back-pressure caused by blocking write semantics. The embedding of the novel approach into a modular performance analysis method allows the analysis of distributed implementations that use resource sharing mechanisms such as fixed-priority scheduling and time division multiple access (TDMA). The paper presents the new models and methods as well as experimental results.
Nikolay Stoimenov is a research assistant at the Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. His research interests lie in analytical methods for performance analysis of distributed embedded real-time systems. He has graduated with a Bachelor and a First class Honours degree in Computer Science, both from the University of Adelaide, Australia.